Nose bleeding and headache are common issues. However, their occurrence at the same time can be worrisome. It can mean many things. Sometimes, it indicates minor issues that require no medical assistance.

Sometimes, they can point to a deep-rooted problem like anemia or low red blood cell count.

What Triggers a Nose Bleed and Headache?

These conditions are not linked but happen together due to various environmental and medical factors. These include:

Environmental Factors

  • Common cold
  • Allergies
  • An infection in the nose or sinuses
  • Excessive use of decongestants or nasal sprays
  • Dried mucus in the nasal cavity
  • Use of certain medications, including warfarin
  • Taking drugs through the nose
  • Being in an overly dry environment
  • Anemia
  • Trauma to the head or face

Medical Factors

Headaches and nose bleeds can also happen due to some medical factors that need treatments. These include:

  • Deviated Septum

A deviated septum is a common condition that can cause headaches and nosebleeds. It happens when the bone and cartilage that divide the nose are crooked or off-center. This can also cause facial pain, trouble breathing, and blockage of one or both nostrils.

  • Migraine

Migraines may be related to nosebleeds. A study in 2008 found that adults with migraines had more nosebleeds than those without. Nosebleeds might indicate the start of a migraine episode, but more research is needed to confirm this study.

  • Serious Causes

More serious conditions can also cause both headaches and nosebleeds. These are less common but can include:

  • Leukemia
  • Essential thrombocythemia (increased platelets in the blood)
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Brain tumor
  • Pregnancy

Headaches and nosebleeds are more common during pregnancy. Nosebleeds happen because the nasal passageways receive more blood, making the blood vessels more likely to burst, which can also make breathing harder.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause more frequent headaches. If a pregnant woman has a severe headache or one that doesn’t go away, she should see a doctor immediately. It could be a sign of a serious issue like preeclampsia.

When Should You Be Worried?

Usually, nosebleeds and headaches go away on their own. To stop a nosebleed, apply firm pressure to the area near the bone in your nose. Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers can help with headaches.

Call emergency services (911 in the United States) or go to the emergency room immediately if you have a headache, nosebleed, or any of the following symptoms:

  • Fainting
  • Concussion
  • Paralysis on one side of the body
  • Fever
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Trouble walking or moving
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • A broken nose
  • Bleeding that lasts longer than a few minutes
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Bleeding that causes breathing issues

In a Nutshell

Experiencing nose bleeding and headache at the same time can be surprising. Sometimes, it can be harmful due to environmental changes. However, sometimes it can be due to a serious underlying condition. So, it’s better to get examined by a medical professional.

Visit our board-certified internal medicine expert, Dr. Hunaid Dollar, at the Internal Medicine Diagnostic Center. With two decades of experience, our doctor can expertly diagnose and treat your issue. Call us at (281) 252-8600 for an appointment.

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